Test Automation

Best Automation Testing Tools in 2020

5 Mins read

In today’s technology, the software is used in almost all areas of the business world. The key to having good quality software is to test that software extensively, quickly and reliably. There are many stages in software testing that separate and facilitate processes. Automation Testing is one of the most important of these processes. The choice of Automation Testing Tools is of great importance in this regard.

automation testing tools

Automation Testing Tools selection may vary depending on the purpose of use, company type, and requirements. Depending on the need, the most suitable automation tool can be selected by considering issues such as speed, cost, environment, and dependency. In this guide, we will examine the Automation Testing Tools that are successful and popular in most areas.


Automation Testing Tools

Here is a list of common and popular Test Automation tools:

  1. Selenium
  2. Appium
  3. Micro Focus Unified Functional Testing (UFT) One
  4. Micro Focus UFT Developer (LeanFT)
  5. Katalon Studio
  6. Ranorex Studio
  7. IBM Rational Functional Tester (RFT)
  8. TestComplete

1) Selenium

selenium

Selenium is undoubtedly the most popular tool in automation testing. It is a free, open-source, and has a large community, which are the most important factors that make it successful. Selenium is a very useful tool that automates web browsers. Today, many companies perform their automation tasks through Selenium.

Selenium holds the majority of the market in the web automation testing category.

Key Features

  • It is free.
  • Open-source
  • It has a large community and support.
  • Ability to work with many programming languages such as Java, Python, C#, Ruby, etc.
  • Parallel execution that eliminates the waste of time.
  • Multiple Operating Systems support. (Windows, Mac, and Linux)
  • It can automate across multiple browsers such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Edge, etc.
  • Compatible with Docker technologies.

Website: https://selenium.dev
Platform: Web
License: Free


2) Appium

appium

Appium is an open-source test framework used in test automation of native, hybrid, and mobile applications. It is inspired by Selenium. They are very similar to each other. It is free and has a large community like Selenium. Appium is an easy to use and popular test automation tool. It is highly compatible with Android, IOS, and Windows mobile operating systems.

Note: IOS mobile application testing requires a MacOS.

Key Features

  • It supports many programming languages like Java, Ruby, Python, JavaScript, PHP, C#, etc.
  • It can automate IOS, Android, and even Windows mobile applications.
  • It is totally free.
  • Open-source.
  • Supports parallel execution.
  • Large community support.

Website: https://appium.io
Platform: Android, IOS, Windows Mobile
License: Free


3) Micro Focus Unified Functional Testing (UFT) One

uft one

Unified Functional Testing is formerly known as UFT, developed by Mercury Interactive. Its first name was Quick Test Professional (QTP). Mercury Interactive was acquired by Hewlett-Packard (HP). The name of the application continued as HP QTP for a while. Then, it has been changed to Unified Functional Testing (UFT). Later on, HP’s software assets side was acquired by Micro Focus. Now, the final name was changed to Micro Focus UFT One.

UFT is a very advanced and frequently used test automation tool on the corporate side. It supports many protocols that you can automate your applications on the Web, Mobile, Desktop, and even Terminals. It is a commercial product that supported by Micro Focus right now.

Key Features

  • It supports many platforms such as Web, Mobile, Desktop, SAP, Terminal, Java, Oracle, etc.
  • Offers cross-browser testing.
  • It supports data-driving testing.
  • VBScript is the main language for developing scripts in UFT.
  • Test Record & Play capability.
  • Corporate support.
  • Highly compatible with other Micro Focus products like Application Lifecycle Management.
  • Internal Reporting.
  • Object Repository that you can store your elements and objects.
  • Built-in Object Spy that helps you to find objects easily.

Website: https://www.microfocus.com
Platform: Web, Desktop, SAP, Oracle, Terminal, Siebel, Android, IOS, Windows Mobile
License: Proprietary


4) Micro Focus UFT Developer (LeanFT)

uft developer leanft

UFT Developer, formerly known as LeanFT, is another automation tool that belongs to the Micro Focus family. It has been developed for UFT to work with different programming languages and platforms such as Selenium. On the other hand, UFT and UFT Developer are separate tools. The aims of both are different. UFT Developer is not a replacement for UFT One.

UFT Developer is more suitable for the Shift-left approach compared to UFT One Thanks to the programming languages and platforms it supports.

Key Features

  • It supports writing test scripts using programming languages by providing frameworks for Java, JavaScript, and C#.
  • Supports parallel execution.
  • Ability to work with your own testing framework.
  • Object Repository that you can store your elements and objects.
  • Built-in Object Spy that helps you to find objects easily.
  • Ability to work with Selenium.
  • Corporate support.
  • Grid technology gives the ability to run tests on remote machines simultaneously.
  • Internal Reporting.
  • Supports cross-browser testing.
  • Compatible with Docker technologies.
  • It supports Web, Mobile, Desktop, SAP, Terminal, Java, Oracle, etc. platforms for automation.

Website: https://www.microfocus.com
Platform: Web, Desktop, SAP, Oracle, Terminal, Siebel, Android, IOS, Windows Mobile
License: Proprietary


5) Katalon Studio

katalon studio

Katalon Studio is one of the automation testing tools developed by Katalon LLC in 2015. It is built on top of advanced test automation frameworks such as Selenium and Appium with an extended graphical interface. It is increasingly used in the test automation world. It is Java based and you can use all the features of the program for free.

Key Features

  • It has an easy to use interface.
  • It is very easy and fast to create test scripts thanks to ready-made keywords.
  • It has different versions, both paid and free.
  • Supports testing of Web, Mobile, API, and Desktop applications.
  • Offers Cross-browser testing such as Firefox, Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer, Safari, and Headless browsers.
  • Integration with CI / CD processes.
  • It uses the Keyword Driven Testing approach.
  • The interface has syntax highlight and code completion features.
  • Parallel execution support.
  • Object Repository that you can store your elements and objects.
  • Built-in Object Spy that helps you to find objects easily.

Website: https://www.katalon.com
Platform: Web, Mobile, Desktop, API
License: Free – Proprietary


6) Ranorex Studio

ranorex logo

Ranorex Studio is a powerful GUI test automation tool developed by Ranorex GmbH. It is designed to automate Web, Desktop, and Mobile applications. Test executions on remote machines have become easy with the agent provided in the application. It stands out in applications that are difficult to automate with its advanced object capture feature.

Key Features

  • Easy to use.
  • Record and Play feature.
  • Offers parallel execution.
  • Internal Reporting.
  • Supports cross-browser testing.
  • Corporate support.
  • Runs on Windows based operating systems.
  • It supports C# and VB.Net programming languages for developing test scripts.

Website: https://www.ranorex.com
Platform: Web, Mobile, Desktop
License: Proprietary


7) IBM Rational Functional Tester (RFT)

ibm rational

IBM Rational Functional Tester (RFT) is one of the functional automation testing tools developed by IBM. RFT is used by software test engineers for functional testing, regression, and GUI testing. It supports many platforms and environments such as Web, .Net, Java, Siebel, SAP, etc.

Test engineers can record the processes and actions and create test scripts with the test recording tool of RFT easily.

Key Features

  • Data-Driven Testing.
  • Test Record & Play feature.
  • It uses Java and VB.Net programming languages for scripting.
  • Corporate support.
  • Highly compatible with other IBM products.
  • It supports Web, Java, Siebel, .Net, SAP, terminal emulator-based applications, Ajax, Adobe Flex, Dojo Toolkit, Adobe PDF documents, etc.
  • Storyboard testing that simplifies tests by visualizing.
  • It supports version control systems.

Website: https://ibm.com
Platform: Web, Java, Siebel, .Net, SAP, Ajax, Adobe Flex, Dojo Toolkit, ARM, Silverlight, GEF, PowerBuilder, terminal emulator-based applications, Adobe PDF documents, zSeries, iSeries, pSeries.
License: Proprietary


8) TestComplete

testcomplete

TestComplete is one of the powerful automation testing tools developed by AutomatedQA in 1999. SmartBear is a subsidiary of AutomatedQA. TestComplete has the capability of testing Desktop, Web, and Mobile applications. Thanks to its advanced user interface, test engineers can easily create their tests for these platforms. It is widely used by many companies and people. TestComplete is a test platform that can provide many different features.

Key Features

  • Keyword-Driven Testing.
  • Data-Driven Testing.
  • Scripted Testing.
  • Test Record & Play feature.
  • Integration with bug tracking platforms such as BugZilla, Jira, etc.
  • Supports parallel execution.
  • Corporate support.
  • Supports JavaScript, Python, VBScript, JScript, DelphiScript, VB programming languages.

Website: https://smartbear.com
Platform: .NET, Java, Android, IOS, Web, Silverlight
License: Proprietary

Recep Duman
26 posts

About author
I am a fan of programming, innovation, and web development. I’m also interested in technology and entrepreneurship.
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